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How clean energy transitions can help kick-start economies

发布者: liuqingrui | 发布时间: 2020-5-16 11:57| 查看数: 811| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

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清洁能源转型如何推动经济发展
1 d. @: V' r0 M7 c, z5 {# s2 \How clean energy transitions can help kick-start economies  
) a: b( E$ v; a1 n
: k3 O* |; d& W0 F8 W/ E! o: M: R1 q) E- Z  f* W
An invitation to make energy efficiency and renewables central to the6 r7 J2 H( B# K* ^( L' ^
economic recovery+ ?# A( b* r! j3 B
The Covid-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented global emergency
& {5 r% l) D8 u% c+ B  Naround the world, with governments focused on protecting the health, safety
& W2 Z& e8 ^5 a. z$ `- Z, C. @and well-being of their citizens. Countries are in lockdown, and financial and5 {7 O& x& s4 ~7 r+ X3 G
economic safeguards are being erected to prevent even greater turmoil. Looking: G+ s$ p9 E1 p  o
further forwards, the world faces an enormous task getting people back to work& N2 L1 U- E6 E* f% B& b7 D
and reigniting the engines of economic growth.
; A" n; H4 j0 MAround the world, leaders are getting ready now, drawing up massive( u; C0 e4 C/ @; P
economic stimulus packages. Some of these plans will provide short-term boosts,
, T6 J/ o1 H3 v& u- d! Aothers will shape infrastructure for decades to come. We believe that by making
. l* Z7 B- g0 ?8 e9 m! qclean energy an integral part of their plans, governments can deliver jobs and
6 `3 R; y6 U- [0 ]; O( weconomic growth while also ensuring that their energy systems are modernised,3 {# n  U* R8 @: Y: ?! G
more resilient and less polluting.
; N( r& G2 I" y  z" Y& i6 Y- rGlobal confinement has halted travel and transport, causing a severe shock
+ |8 x9 W6 P4 G8 P4 r) P2 d/ }to energy systems. As a result, it is likely that global carbon dioxide emissions
! u, x$ E5 o( \$ Rwill decline this year. But that will not be anything to celebrate. What matters is
) f9 l  U  q" y( x0 _putting emissions into structural decline. For that, we will need clean energy to4 R4 H$ u  U4 W8 C7 `
play a central role in recovery efforts. This is an inter-generational opportunity,
9 @4 d) J0 l3 K7 q! C- \5 Iwhere smart economic planning can enable us to put the world on track to meet" {2 n6 h8 T, Y7 a5 D; h3 Y
our climate commitments, including the Paris Agreement. We need to make the9 n+ ^7 c) `# c- f& T
key pillars of energy transitions - such as energy efficiency, renewables and
( v2 ^1 `7 a7 {& y" g4 abattery storage - top priorities for creating jobs, improving critical infrastructure
1 G, ^9 b+ }$ q- d, Z& }and driving innovation. * i6 j6 G2 s4 E7 A# K8 k( a

" s# ]# _% I' O  M' \一封关于能效与可再生能源成为经济4 x: Z* p* A! [% u/ I8 w8 V
复苏核心的邀请函/ ~" w: t" A' M% k2 |* V
新型冠状病毒爆发在全球范围内造成了前所未
) [- J$ R/ |' P0 s有的影响,各国政府致力于保护本国公民的健康、
8 [5 O1 T# C/ z6 J% Q安全与福祉。各国处于封锁状态,金融和经济保障
5 `# N% \8 t; t- ?) S1 W- \措施正在组建,以防止更大的动荡。展望未来,世7 X2 V9 X2 e  h! Z- Z0 N, q
界面临着一项艰巨任务——即复工和重燃经济增长
" D8 L8 s; o, S( ~( x0 E引擎。
: B% a7 h6 X. {9 C在世界各地,各国领导人正在全力应对,制定
5 k' ~4 L; \/ R$ E9 S# r. u大规模的经济刺激计划。其中一些计划旨在短期提! B4 Q6 A! k" k/ [' i
振,另一些计划将构建数十年的基础设施。我们相* R2 h1 F" n$ T" g/ h
信,将清洁能源纳入计划之中,政府可以增加就业
% Y0 s1 x6 W8 ?- a$ K- b& i+ `机会,推动经济增长,同时确保其能源结构实现现, b0 \; c$ a/ ?( a
代化、灵活性更强而污染更少。! r' d) E1 o( J' ?$ S1 v
全球范围内的封闭阻断了交通和运输,对能2 M0 H5 |" R5 }& H, _: `: e
源系统造成严重冲击。因此,今年全球二氧化碳排3 s9 V! E; F5 ?1 S' w2 [6 z
放量很有可能下降。但这并不值得庆贺,关键是使
  L( P( h* L+ W( _% h1 s+ v" R& F得排放量在结构上下降。为此,我们需要清洁能源
. K8 d$ H& o; K( h在经济复苏中发挥核心作用。这是一个代际机遇,; N% F; v& J, \! x
明智的经济计划使世界可以步入我们既定的气候承
# M" W/ x* f& h# h6 b+ {' j诺(包括《巴黎协定》)轨迹。我们需要将能源转6 Q  r( E* s/ i# {# ^4 V5 f( W
型的关键支柱(如能源效率、可再生能源和电池储7 d/ m4 h0 x8 P2 j) r: X- K4 _
能)作为增加就业、改善关键基础设施和推动创新. W% v$ b, y) j/ O
的重中之重。
5 _+ X0 N  S8 i! p8 m8 r9 C7 y' y( T2 J& C1 ], {* X$ F0 ?1 {  y' E

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