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How clean energy transitions can help kick-start economies

发布者: liuqingrui | 发布时间: 2020-5-16 11:57| 查看数: 241| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

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清洁能源转型如何推动经济发展. R7 ]/ r9 \. i* f5 K
How clean energy transitions can help kick-start economies  
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. A$ F$ X! u% ZAn invitation to make energy efficiency and renewables central to the
! S3 |* L+ U5 o0 h4 reconomic recovery
2 Q1 y, V# C- q, T6 \The Covid-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented global emergency; E" @2 d8 ?' Q$ K8 I9 j3 F
around the world, with governments focused on protecting the health, safety
9 A) h6 E: ], F# a2 ^and well-being of their citizens. Countries are in lockdown, and financial and
! |2 S$ G2 o5 W' [* {0 qeconomic safeguards are being erected to prevent even greater turmoil. Looking
, ]# R6 B; X1 N- s8 u1 J' `" efurther forwards, the world faces an enormous task getting people back to work% _$ ?! h6 x# s
and reigniting the engines of economic growth.: H0 O: R* |; }3 z
Around the world, leaders are getting ready now, drawing up massive* X" p: r. |: k5 S6 N
economic stimulus packages. Some of these plans will provide short-term boosts,+ L! ?* r: d) E* H, f0 v- [
others will shape infrastructure for decades to come. We believe that by making
( t3 k/ `* W/ N' b! I3 ^clean energy an integral part of their plans, governments can deliver jobs and+ b* R! s- s" l
economic growth while also ensuring that their energy systems are modernised,
8 i$ Z! W* ]( V. M$ j' }3 ~more resilient and less polluting.$ e* @0 D: d: c, u
Global confinement has halted travel and transport, causing a severe shock3 S& W) d% q  t( q
to energy systems. As a result, it is likely that global carbon dioxide emissions
0 T' Z( N( r" ?3 Xwill decline this year. But that will not be anything to celebrate. What matters is% Y% C, U5 f; f9 n' A7 \- v
putting emissions into structural decline. For that, we will need clean energy to
9 n6 R& S& Z! }play a central role in recovery efforts. This is an inter-generational opportunity,# ?/ z2 C! v! d/ N
where smart economic planning can enable us to put the world on track to meet+ p( }+ g  `2 V" Q1 ?+ S8 I5 h5 L
our climate commitments, including the Paris Agreement. We need to make the+ d9 f8 |* m0 C* ]) [3 s
key pillars of energy transitions - such as energy efficiency, renewables and
, V- [' `' n4 F' `battery storage - top priorities for creating jobs, improving critical infrastructure
5 _6 [% m3 ?* C/ w$ Pand driving innovation.
( _6 j5 Y8 z: I/ m/ P' N+ I  u' Y3 Q* A8 P" W' L5 I
一封关于能效与可再生能源成为经济0 ~, M/ v" |, `: y
复苏核心的邀请函
( x& _; O( i8 X$ d" @# B新型冠状病毒爆发在全球范围内造成了前所未4 X1 K$ N' q3 a# x' ?; g
有的影响,各国政府致力于保护本国公民的健康、
* r3 d) b+ x  Y& n安全与福祉。各国处于封锁状态,金融和经济保障, u6 Q/ U8 ~' H8 x9 `0 m
措施正在组建,以防止更大的动荡。展望未来,世
2 M( g- k( d% l5 t* K/ h界面临着一项艰巨任务——即复工和重燃经济增长" t: ?# N. m. W0 |
引擎。
& q( W0 m; b9 l/ ?" K" z在世界各地,各国领导人正在全力应对,制定
  Z' q% b7 Q7 d9 H4 E8 g大规模的经济刺激计划。其中一些计划旨在短期提
. h, S7 ^1 J7 v振,另一些计划将构建数十年的基础设施。我们相2 T: V9 u. F4 J* m
信,将清洁能源纳入计划之中,政府可以增加就业5 R1 j3 C# }1 P0 Z& x$ w
机会,推动经济增长,同时确保其能源结构实现现
  E3 E% {8 C  s  J3 O代化、灵活性更强而污染更少。
: E4 K8 D5 V1 F9 H; M+ ]3 s* [" }全球范围内的封闭阻断了交通和运输,对能2 k$ W+ J" H! p* ?
源系统造成严重冲击。因此,今年全球二氧化碳排$ Q) b$ A( t5 a& E  g* M
放量很有可能下降。但这并不值得庆贺,关键是使
. X4 z' T( D0 N& d1 G得排放量在结构上下降。为此,我们需要清洁能源
1 A! }4 z( u9 `在经济复苏中发挥核心作用。这是一个代际机遇,
8 i" |6 Z& K( [" t5 G+ Q5 Y* N明智的经济计划使世界可以步入我们既定的气候承& Z. E  K% z7 i5 K( ]) G4 ^
诺(包括《巴黎协定》)轨迹。我们需要将能源转9 c8 b" o4 p5 L2 L
型的关键支柱(如能源效率、可再生能源和电池储9 v4 v- s( ?% w/ \% Y) U/ N
能)作为增加就业、改善关键基础设施和推动创新; X6 D; T' T+ w1 m
的重中之重。
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# s! k( v" ]' \+ \/ E; t1 g9 q0 f# W2 x+ L+ m( n0 F
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